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Sunday, July 24, 2016

Monaco, lo psycho-killer «ispirato da Breivik»

La Germania si è risvegliata sotto shock dopo la strage che l’ha colpita a Monaco di Baviera, in cui nove persone hanno perso la vita, una ventina i feriti, per mano di un giovane 18enne tedesco di origine iraniana. Secondo i media britannici le forze dell’ordine lo avrebbero identificato come Ali Sonboly. Figlio di un tassista, il giovane si è tolto la vita dopo la strage. 


La madre del killer lavora in un grande magazzino tedesco, Karstadt. L’abitazione del giovane nel quartiere di Maxvorstadt è stata perquisita dagli investigatori che sono usciti portando via una serie di scatole di cartone.

Una vicina di casa interpellata dalla tv bavarese BR ha detto: «Era una brava persona, un buon tipo. Non l'ho mai visto arrabbiato né ho mai saputo di suoi problemi con la polizia o con il vicinato. Sorrideva sempre come una persona normale». Fonti di sicurezza citate da Dpa riferiscono che il killer di Monaco avrebbe avuto problemi scolastici e Focus online rivela che venerdì scorso non avrebbe superato un esame finale.
Teatro della strage, iniziata poco prima delle 18 di ieri, un McDonald’s presso il centro commerciale Olympia, nel quartiere che aveva ospitato le strutture delle Olimpiadi di Monaco del 1972. A tarda notte un briefing delle autorità di sicurezza ha definito i primi contorni certi dell’accaduto, dopo le voci incontrollate delle prime ore e il panico che ne è derivato nella capitale bavarese, ma sono molti i dettagli da ricomporre per definire e molte le testimonianze in parte contraddittorie tra loro. Gli investigatori in particolare stanno analizzando anche un video pubblicato su Internet in cui l’attentatore litiga con una persona che lo sta filmando.
«A causa vostra sono stato vittima di bullismo per sette anni... e ora ho comprato una pistola per spararvi». È quanto avrebbe urlato Sonboly, nel video in cui discute con un uomo al balcone che l'ha visto armato sul tetto di un edificio ed ha iniziato a filmarlo. Nello stesso video, il giovane ha anche urlato, come era emerso già ieri, “sono tedesco” ed ha insultato gli stranieri, in particolare i turchi. La polizia tedesca fa sapere che le vittime sono quasi tutte adolescenti mentre vi sono diversi bambini tra i feriti. Otto delle vittime - due ragazze e sei ragazzi - due di 14 anni e due di 15; le altre vittime avevano 17, 19, 20 e 45 anni. Tre delle nove vittime sono donne. Mentre vengono considerate molto gravi le condizioni di due dei 16 feriti ricoverati in diversi ospedali di Monaco. Tra loro anche tre kossovari e altri tre cittadini turchi emigrati in Germania; lo ha reso noto il ministro degli Esteri di Ankara, Mevlut Cavusoglu, durante un'intervista rilasciata all'emittente 'Ntv'. Cavusoglu ha identificato le vittime come Sevda Dag, Can Leyla e Selcuk Kilic. Le famiglie, ha precisato, sono state da lui contattate personalmente. Il ministero degli Esteri della Grecia ha reso noto che tra le vittime c’è anche un cittadino di nazionalità ellenica.
La polizia di Monaco: problemi psichici, nessun rapporto con Isis 

Nelle indagini della polizia di Monaco, in particolare la perquisizione del suo appartamento, «non sono stati trovati elementi che lo legano allo Stato Islamico» né al tema profughi. A casa sua non è stato trovato materiale legato a Isis, ma solo documentazione su stragi del passato: «È evidente il legame dell'eccidio di Monaco con la strage compiuta da Anders Breivik a Utoya 5 anni fa (69 morti)», di cui ieri cadeva il quinto anniversario». È quanto ha dichiarato il capo della polizia di Monaco, Hubertus Andrae, in una conferenza stampa.

Ali Sonboly avrebbe attirato le sue vittime attraverso un account di Facebook in cui si invitava ad approfittare degli sconti offerti da McDonald’s, ha detto oggi il ministro dell'Interno tedesco Thomas de Maiziere. «C'è stato probabilmente un account Facebook piratato». Un account che invitava ad approfittare di «offerte o sconti speciali» del fast-food presente nel centro commerciale Olympia, dove è avvenuta la sparatoria. «Alcuni elementi lasciano ritenere (che la persona che ha piratato l'account) sia l'omicida», ha aggiunto De Maziere, precisando che sull'account si invitavano le persone a recarsi al fast-food alle 16.
Il killer si è poi ucciso sparandosi un colpo alla testa. «Non c'è assolutamente alcun legame con il tema dei profughi», ha detto Andrae. Nello zaino del 18enne la polizia ha trovato 300 proiettili.
L'autore della strage di Monaco ha agito da solo, non aveva complici. Ieri sera, alla diffusione della notizia e per diverse ore Monaco di Baviera è precipitata nel caos: si era diffusa la voce della presenza di altre due persone armate e in fuga, voce che ha fatto scattare una caccia all’uomo senza esito; bloccati i mezzi pubblici e la circolazione dei treni, le forze di polizie hanno invitato i cittadini a non uscire di casa e, se fuori, a cercare rifugio. La polizia di Monaco ha prima invitato fino a tarda sera a non pubblicare immagini dell'operazione in corso su Internet o sui social («Mostrate rispetto per le vittime»); e successivamente ha rivolto un appello alla cittadinanza di Monaco, chiedendo che vengano consegnati alle forze dell'ordine tutti i video, foto o registrazioni audio che sono stati fatti durante l'attacco di ieri nel centro commerciale Olympia.

Monaco, il killer «ispirato da Breivik». Aveva 300 proiettili nello zaino
  •  Ma.l.C. 
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  • La polizia tedesca parla di un giovane in cura per problemi psichici, con l'ossessione per le stragi: la scelta di colpire nel quinto anniversario da quella di Utoya, potrebbe non essere casuale.

  • Il killer di Monaco aveva trascorso molto tempo davanti al pc utilizzando giochi di sparatorie e ammirava l'autore della strage di Winnenden, nei pressi di Stoccarda, dove nel 2009 uno studente 17enne uccise 15 persone in una scuola. Lo ha affermato la Dpa, citando fonti dei servizi tedeschi.

    Il killer di Monaco si è suicidato con uno sparo alla testa mentre si trovava di fronte a dei poliziotti. Lo hanno riferito fonti delle forze di sicurezza della Baviera. Una pattuglia, dopo la sparatoria, ha intercettato l'assalitore. Quando gli agenti gli hanno parlato, questi ha estratto l'arma e si è sparato. 
  • Orrore a Monaco, esclusi legami con lʼIsis. La polizia: "Killer ossessionato dalle stragi, stimava Breivik" 23 LUGLIO 2016


    Munich shooting: killer was bullied teen loner obsessed with mass murder Janek Schmidt   24 July 2016

    Munich officials: Gunman acted like ‘a deranged person’ but had no ties to terror groups Souad Mekhennet, Griff Witte William Booth July 23 2016

    From top left, clockwise: Columbine High School student Eric Harris, Virginia Tech gunman Cho Seung-Hui, alleged Kalamazoo gunman Jason Dalton and Dylann Roof, who allegedly opened fire at a South Carolina church. (AP/Getty Images/Reuters)

    Last year, Towers published a study using mathematical models to examine whether mass shootings, like viruses, are contagious. She identified a 13-day period after high-profile mass shootings when the chance of another spikes. Her findings are confirmed more frequently than she would like.
    Five days after Kalamazoo, a man in Kansas shot 17 people, killing three by firing from his car. To Towers, that next shooting seemed almost inevitable.
    “I absolutely dread watching this happen,” she said.
    As the nation endures an ongoing stream of mass shootings, criminologists, police and even the FBI are turning to virus epidemiology and behavioral psychology to understand what sets off mass shooters and figure out whether, as with the flu, the spread can be interrupted.
    “These things are clustering in time, and one is causing the next one to be more likely,” said Gary Slutkin, a physician and epidemiologist at the University of Illinois at Chicago who runs Cure Violence, a group that treats crime as a disease. “That’s definitional of a contagious disease. Flu is a risk factor for more flu. Mass shootings are a risk factor for mass shootings.”
    The idea is not without skeptics. James Alan Fox, a Northeastern University professor who studies mass shootings, said: “Some bunching just happens. Yes, there is some mimicking going on, but the vast majority of mass killers don’t need someone else to give them the idea.”
    Confirming, disputing or further exploring the idea scientifically is hampered by the federal funding ban on gun violence research. Towers and her colleagues did their study on their own time. And there’s not even a common database or definition of mass shootings.
    The Congressional Research Service uses the term “public mass shootings” to describe the killing of four or more people in “relatively public places” by a perpetrator selecting victims “somewhat indiscriminately.”
    But other definitions, including those used by the Mass Shooting Tracker, a widely cited crowdsourced tally, count all shootings of four or more people, including domestic incidents and street crimes. The data Towers used was largely drawn from a USA Today database of mass killings, defined as four or more people killed by any means, although the vast majority were shootings.
    Towers said shootings with fewer than four people killed, while obviously troubling, usually do not generate national news coverage and show no signs of triggering other incidents. It is the most publicized events that have brought the language of viruses — incubation periods, vectors, susceptibility — into the discussion of mass shootings, which in a metaphorical sense seem to travel as a cold does, moving from day-care settings to homes to offices.
    In the 1980s, the violence occurred in post offices. In the 1990s, schools. Now it is mutating into new forms, such as the terrorist attack in San Bernardino, Calif., that initially appeared to be a workplace shooting by a disgruntled employee.
    Researchers say the contagion is potentially more complicated than any virus. There is the short-term effect of a high-profile mass shooting, which can lead quickly to another incident. Towers found that such echo shootings account for up to 30 percent of all rampages.
    But there appear to be longer incubation periods, too. Killers often find inspiration in past mass shootings, praising what their predecessors accomplished, innovating on their methods and seeking to surpass them in casualties and notoriety.
    For many mass shooters, the carnage at Columbine High School is an important psychological touchstone. According to an analysis by Mother Jones magazine, at least 21 have referenced the 1999 Colorado school shooting by Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, who killed 13 and wounded 23. The dots connect one mass shooter to another in online ramblings and manifestos going back nearly two decades.
    Two months after Dylann Roof allegedly killed nine worshipers last year at a historically black church in Charleston, S.C., Vester L. Flanagan killed a Virginia reporter and cameraman on live TV. Although Flanagan did not kill enough people to qualify as a mass shooter, he was clearly inspired by them.
    Flanagan, an African American, killed himself as police closed in. In a manifesto sent to ABC News, he wrote: “What sent me over the top was the church shooting. And my hollow point bullets have the victims’ initials on them.”
    He said he was also influenced and impressed by Seung Hui Cho, who killed 32 people at Virginia Tech in 2007.
    “That’s my boy right there,” Flanagan wrote. “He got NEARLY double the amount that Eric Harris and Dylann Klebold got . . . just sayin.”
    And whom was Cho inspired by?
    “Martyrs,” Cho said in a video, “like Eric and Dylan.”
    Why violence spreads
    Behavior is contagious. Studies have shown that watching someone yawn can make us yawn. Conference speakers who come after a nervous speaker can absorb the nervousness. Bad moods spread from boss to employee.
    Researchers think violence is no different. Although it’s a somewhat recent area of focus — the Institute of Medicine held a workshop on the subject in 2012 — the evidence for contagion of criminal or dangerous behavior has lurked in academic research for decades.
    Studies have shown that the aircraft hijackings of the 1970s were contagious. Product tampering — also contagious. So is highway speeding, rioting and even military coups. Contagion is especially pronounced in suicides.
    Numerous studies have shown that suicides cluster, particularly among young people. It is known as the Werther effect, a term coined in the 1970s by sociologist David Phillips describing what happened after Johann Wolfgang von Goethe published “The Sorrows of Young Werther” in 1774.
    At the end of the book, Werther shoots himself with a pistol. Many young men followed his lead.
    In many of these events, the primary vector — what transmitted the behavior — was some form of mass media. Coverage of hijackings bred more hijackings. Coverage of suicides, particularly of famous people, had the same effect. In the month after Marilyn Monroe overdosed on barbiturates, suicides increased 12 percent nationally.
    Some researchers think this loop drives mass shootings. Although FBI officials declined to comment on contagion for this article, a senior investigator in the behavioral-analysis unit has said that “the copycat phenomenon is real.”
    Columbine’s timing is important. That mass shooting occurred just as Americans were beginning to use personal computers to connect to the Web. Harris, 18, and Klebold, 17, posted rants about the world on the Trench Coat Mafia website, creating a digital footprint that has had a long-lasting effect on others.
    Nearly two decades later, as a result of the Internet and the explosion of social media, the transmission of violent behavior is faster, wider and permanent. Shooters no longer need to rely on television for attention and notoriety. And they can obsessively study details from previous incidents, imitating and advancing the strange cultural script that the rest of the nation is watching on repeat.
    While honoring Cho, Flanagan displayed innovations that have disturbed authorities. Besides shooting people on live TV, he recorded the shooting on his phone, then uploaded it to social media. Shooting while driving for Uber, as Jason Dalton allegedly did in Kalamazoo, had a Bonnie-and-Clyde feel, making it both retro and new. Then the Kansas shooter, Cedric Ford, shot from his car, winding up at a lawn-mower factory where he worked and gunning down more people.
    “On one hand, they want to be like the people who came before them,” said J. Reid Meloy, a psychiatry professor at the University of California at San Diego who studies mass killings. “And yet they also want to distinguish themselves. It’s totally paradoxical.”
    But why are some people infected, while others aren’t? “In the infectious-disease world, that’s called susceptibility,” Slutkin said.
    Elderly people are susceptible to the flu because their immune systems are weaker. Mass shooters could be susceptible for a number of reasons, including social isolation, depression or paranoid forms of severe mental illness.
    Some researchers wonder whether mass shootings are just another form of suicide contagion. Many mass shooters kill themselves or are killed by police.
    “They are always an expression of suffering that manifests itself in a psychosocial crisis that is both homicidal and suicidal,” a recent paper in the journal Comprehensive Psychology said.
    Mary Ellen O’Toole, a former senior FBI profiler who has worked on mass shootings, said, “It’s only infective if they are entertaining a similar ideation.
    “You get a powerful normalization of your ideas and thoughts,” she added. “It’s like a little club where it’s an okay behavior. You can achieve something very important.”
    Prevention
    Millions of people are depressed, socially isolated or at their wit’s end. But only a minuscule portion of them commit rampages, which, depending on what definition is used, number anywhere from a handful to two dozen a year.
    “It’s a big country,” Slutkin said. “Who knows who will pick it up or who won’t?”
    Slutkin’s program, Cure Violence, employs “violence interrupters” in the United States and abroad who try to disrupt shootings and other acts of violence before they happen, stopping retaliations by mediating and diverting high-risk people to counseling, drug treatment or job opportunities. Local law enforcement agencies and the FBI are trying to do something similar for mass shootings.
    The FBI opened the Behavioral Threat Assessment Center in 2010, using a multidisciplinary approach, including psychiatrists, to help identify and disrupt targeted violence. The center works with local law enforcement agencies following tips about suspicious behavior from families, friends and schools.
    The center, working in coordination with other government agencies, has helped address hundreds of cases. FBI Deputy Assistant Director Timothy Slater said research is ongoing “to identify behaviors that might indicate that a person is heading toward committing targeted violence. We hope this will help educate people to see the warning signs.”
    Others are looking to the news media for help, part of a new twist on an old idea.
    At the request of public health officials, newspapers and other outlets have largely stopped reporting on suicides unless they are deemed newsworthy. That has helped drive down suicide clustering.
    Now some are pushing a campaign called Don’t Name Them, which was started at Texas State University’s ALERRT Center, where thousands of law enforcement officers train every year to respond to mass shootings. The special agent in charge of the FBI’s San Antonio field office has publicly supported the effort.
    Texas State cites Towers’s research in its plea, but she thinks the idea is untenable.
    “First Amendment rights should not be infringed,” she said. “It’s not just the media. There are other factors in this.”
    Like guns. Her study found no correlation between state rates of mental illness and mass shootings. But it did find that “state prevalence of firearm ownership is significantly associated with the state incidence of mass killings with firearms, school shootings, and mass shootings.”
    Towers would like to continue researching mass-shooting contagion, but she is limited because of the federal ban on research funding. One question that probably needs more attention: Why do the shootings fall off after two weeks? She has a theory: News coverage and social-media postings fade.
    “People get bored and move on to something else,” she said.
    Until it happens again.

    Are mass shootings contagious? Some scientists who study how viruses spread say yes  

    Mass Shooting Media Contagion August 11, 2016

    Gunman in Munich Kills 9, Then Himself July 23, 2016

    Drugged to Kill August 25, 2015

    PSYCHO KILLER Mass Murder Pills and Cover-Up December 26, 2014

    Psicofarmaci e stragi della follia September 9, 2015

    The FDA Is Hiding Reports Linking Psych Drugs to Homicides MAY 8, 2016

    Videogame link to anti-social behaviour, aggression, psychiatric disorders May 23, 2015

    IL MONDO NUOVO March 31, 2016

    MASS KILLER GENERATION  April 12, 2015

    Gunman in Munich Kills 9, Then Himself July 23, 2016

    PSYCHO KILLER Nella mente di James Holmes April 30, 2015

    NEWTOWN June 29, 2016

    Ordinary Gun Violence In America May 27, 2016

    The Gold Standard for Mass Murders June 14, 2016


    The Start of America’s Mass School Shooting Epidemic August 11, 2016

    Mass Killings: The Contagion July 3, 2015

    COPYCAT EFFECT  April 28, 2015 

    US Mass Shootings Have Killed More People in 2016 Than Any American Serial Killer Ever March 26, 2016

    One in three days in January had a mass shooting February 17, 2016

    Kalamazoo rampage: 27th mass shooting in 2016 February 24, 2016

    Mass Shooting In Kansas: 4 Dead, 14 Wounded February 27, 2016

    204 Mass Shootings in 204 days July 25, 2015

    Rate of Mass Shootings Has Tripled Since 2011 October 26, 2014

    ONE MASS SHOOTING A DAY August 10, 2015

    More than one mass shooting per day August 28, 2015

    No. 1 in Mass Shootings August 25, 2015

    Research finds correlation between mass shootings and gun control August 31, 2015

    YOUNG GUNS August 29, 2015

    Gun Cult October 3, 2015

    The Columbiners February 17, 2015


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